Types of Mood Disorders
Feelings of Sadness
Individuals who feel incredibly sad for long amounts of time must learn about depression. This mental health condition is very common for individuals of any age or gender. Constant feelings of low mood or irritability are some of the symptoms of this disorder. In addition, depressive individuals can have symptoms of restlessness, anxiousness or worry. Each individual has a different set of symptoms for this health condition.
Physical symptoms such as nausea, body aches, tiredness and sleeping difficulties also occur. Serious symptoms that require emergency treatment are visual or auditory hallucinations and thoughts of suicide. Having a low mood can be temporary due to emotional or physical trauma. However, long-term sadness is not normal and requires treatment from a medical professional.
Seek Medical Assistance
Individuals should contact a physician, psychiatrist or mental health facility. A mental health care expert will examine a patient while asking questions about symptoms. Patients should be completely honest concerning symptoms to assist in a diagnosis. There are different types of mood disorders that require specialized treatment. In order to provide correct medication and therapies the counselor must understand each patient’s condition.
Manic Depression Disorder
One of the most dangerous forms of sadness is manic depression disorder. This is also known as bipolar disorder because patients quickly change mood from happy to sad. During a happy episode, an individual is full of energy and rarely sleeps. A bipolar patient can exhibit frenzied, impulsive or erratic behavior. They might have hallucinations and delusions while behaving violently. Then the individual’s mood quickly changes to feelings of normalcy or sadness.
Cognitive Behavioral Techniques
Medical treatment is required for manic depression disorder. An individual who is experiencing an extremely happy or sad mood typically requires inpatient treatment at a specialized facility. Antipsychotic and mood stabilizing medications can assist in helping a patient return to a normal mental condition. In addition, cognitive behavioral techniques and counseling sessions with therapeutic experts help individuals manage their condition.
Lack of Sunlight
The changes in sunlight availability during winter can create a feeling of low mood with fatigue in many individuals. Additional symptoms of seasonal depression include gaining weight, concentration difficulties, social withdrawal, negative thinking and excessive sleeping. Medical experts diagnose seasonal depression when patients display symptoms only seasonally for at least two years. Herbal supplements, medications and bright light therapy can alleviate symptoms of seasonal depression.