The Signs and Symptoms of ADHD and What to Expect

ADHD is a widespread neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects young children. The disorder is often first diagnosed during childhood and can continue into adulthood in some cases. Children who suffer with ADHD often have trouble controlling their impulsive behavior, paying attention, and being hyperactive.


Symptoms of ADHD

Most children have difficulty focusing on a task or behaving themselves at times, which is normal. But, children with ADHD don’t outgrow many of these specific behaviors. The signs and symptoms can progress and cause a number of problems at home, school, and with their relationships with other people as well.

Here are some classic symptoms of ADHD:

  • Excessive talking
  • Daydreams too much
  • Fidgets and squirms
  • Forgetful – always losing things
  • Have a hard time getting along with people in general
  • Doesn’t want to take turns appropriately
  • Can’t resist temptation
  • Takes unnecessary risks and/or makes careless mistakes

ADHD Types

There are primarily three different kinds of ADHD, based on which symptoms are the most present in the person:

Mostly Inattentive

It’s very difficult for the person to finish a task, follow a simple conversation or instructions, pay attention to details, or get organized.

Mostly Impulsive and Hyperactive

The individual talks a lot and tends to fidget. It’s quite difficult for the individual to sit still for long periods of time, feels restless, and has problems with being impulsive. An impulsive person tends to constantly interrupt others, talk at inappropriate times, and take things from other people.


A person may experience a combination of both types of ADHD.

ADHD Causes

Researchers continue to study both the risk factors and causes of ADHD in an effort to reduce the odds of someone developing the condition. Although the risk factors and causes are still unknown, the latest research illustrates that genetics may play a key role in how it manifests.

Besides the genetic factor, researchers are looking at other potential causes and/or risks, some of which include:

  • Use of tobacco and alcohol during pregnancy
  • Low birth weight
  • Premature delivery
  • Environmental exposures, including toxic lead
  • Brain injury

Ongoing research today doesn’t support the common misconceptions that ADHD is primarily caused by consuming excessive amounts of sugar, bad parenting skills, watching too much TV, or environmental factors that involve family chaos or poverty. Naturally, none of these things will help the situation and may even make them worse. However, they’re not considered the root cause of ADHD in general.