Understanding Anxiety and Clinical Depression

Virtually all individuals have experienced anxiousness at some point. However, when the quality of one’s life is negatively affected by such emotions, it may be time for evaluation. The following are some disorders that cause panic and clinical depression, the latter of which is a disorder that leads to feelings of sadness, listlessness and disinterest in activities one previously found enjoyable.


Social Phobia

One of the most common of all conditions resulting in anxiety is social phobia. Individuals suffering from this condition typically become anxious and worried in all social situations, such as an intimate gathering, a party or wedding, or even at their place of employment. Patients suffering from this disorder often do everything in their power to avoid social situations, for fear of being judged harshly or concerns about embarrassment.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder–OCD–is a mental health issue that influences the way an individual’s brain processes facts. As its name implies, there are two specific parts of the disorder: obsession and compulsion. Sufferers experience irrational obsessive thoughts that cannot be controlled. These thoughts frequently interfere with the person’s ability to live a normal lifestyle. This results in high levels of anxiety and fear, which the sufferer attempts to alleviate though compulsive activity, thus creating a vicious cycle.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post traumatic stress disorder–PSTD–is a serious mental health disorder. It typically occurs when a person witnesses or experiences a terrifying event. Those suffering from this disorder are usually incapable of getting well without the help of a professional. For this reason, individuals experiencing PTSD symptoms should seek treatment without delay.

Panic Attacks

Panic attacks are another type of anxiety disorder. However, a panic attack is very different from social phobias or clinical depression. During the attack, physical symptoms occur that are remarkably similar to heart attack symptoms. Therefore, such incidents are extremely frightening to patients. Attacks of this type are usually brought on by emotional or mental stress, but can also occur spontaneously for no obvious reason. During such episodes, the fight or flight reflex is engaged and the overproduction of adrenaline leads to the aforementioned symptoms.


The newest approach to treating anxiety disorders of all types is to create a comprehensive plan, rather than simply relying on medication. Among new, promising treatments is a therapy referred to as optogenetics, which is a closer exploration of the neural circuits and how they affect the limbic brain to cause anxiety. However, lifestyle interventions, including meditation, exercise and diet are usually recommended as well. In many cases, behavioral therapy is also advantageous to those suffering from anxiety or depression.

Seeking Help

Scheduling an appointment with a psychologist or psychiatrist is the first step toward combating any of the aforementioned disorders. Ultimately, anyone suffering from symptoms of anxiety should pursue professional help as soon as possible.