Breast Cancer

The Truth About Breast Cancer

A female breast tissue of a grown up human being is made of connective tissues, fats, and thousands of miniature glands that are responsible for the production of milk. Billions of cells that perform different functions are found on the women breasts. When old cells degenerate, new ones are formed in an orderly manner to restore the ones that have died. Cancer results when the cells multiply in an uncontrolled manner,therefore, making the breast tissue enlarge more and more. Breast cancer can start developing from the milk ducts that bring in milk to the nipples. Lobular carcinoma is a form of cancer that originates from the breast lobules while ductal carcinoma is cancer that develops from the ducts. Breast cancer is an ailment that mainly affects the females, but in certain situations men are also affected by the illness.

Breast Cancer

Invasive and non- invasive breast cancer

Invasive breast cancer happens when the cancerous cells proliferate and enter the surrounding body tissues and organs such as the bones, lymph nodes, lungs, and the liver. The cells can move through the bloodstream to other parts of the body during the early stages of the disease or later. In non-invasive breast cancer, the cancerous cells remain within the lobules and ducts of the breast. The cancerous cells can subsequently develop into an invasive breast cancer when they join the blood stream and travel to various body organs.

Symptoms of breast cancer

Common symptoms of the cancer includes the development of a lump in the breast, soreness on the breast, rash on the nipples, thick tissue on a breast, bloody discharge from the nipples, and an increase in the size of the affected breast tissue. It is important to note that not all lumps on a woman’s breast are cancerous, so it is important for a person to visit an health specialist for advice and further examination.

Possible causes of breast cancer

Although studies are ongoing on the potential causes of breasts cancer, some factors have been known to expose women to a reasonable likelihood of developing the disease. These factors consist of age, genetics, dense breast tissue, estrogen exposure, obesity, height, alcohol consumption, radiation exposure, and undergoing hormone replacement therapy.