Diabetes Management

Learning to Manage Your Diabetes

If you have recently been diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, you need to make sure you are involved in a proper diabetes management program. Type 2 diabetes management can help you take control of the disease and delay or prevent some of the life-threatening health issues that are associated with it.

Diabetes Management

Even the top diabetes researchers do not fully know why the disease strikes some people and not others. They do know that there are certain risk factors of type 2 diabetes. These include the following things.

Obesity

If you are overweight, your cells tend to be more insulin-resistant than those of normal or underweight people.

Inactivity

Lack of exercise and physical movement increase weight, blood glucose levels and insulin-resistance.

Body shape

A person who keeps his fat stored mostly in the abdominal area has a greater risk for type 2 diabetes than one who stores fat in his thighs and hips.

Age

As you age, your risk for type 2 diabetes increases.

While some of the risk factors of type 2 diabetes cannot be controlled, others can be changed. If you are an individual with a prediabetic condition, you should lose weight, exercise and monitor your blood sugar levels. This can delay or prevent onset of the disease.

If you have already been diagnosed with the diabetes, one of your main goals for type 2 diabetes management is to control your blood sugar. Keeping your glucose level in a target range that is acceptable to your doctor will help you to avoid the following diseases and conditions.

Cardiovascular disease: This includes atherosclerosis. This occurs when cholesterol builds on artery walls. Since there is a correlation between diabetes and high cholesterol diet, you must take any medication you have been prescribed for high cholesterol and watch what you eat.

Nerve damage

Diabetic neuropathy can limit your ability to sense pain in your extremities and can lead to serious infections and amputations.

Glaucoma and blindness

Diabetes can cause damage to your retina and increase the pressure in your eyes.

Kidney disease

Nephropathy causes your kidneys to no longer filter properly. Kidney failure can occur as the disease progresses.

Because diabetes management includes watching what you eat, you must do the following things to keep your glucose levels stable. Stick to a schedule. Eating at the same time each day quickly becomes a habit. Eat well-balanced meals. A good mix of healthy proteins, vegetables, fats and carbohydrates is essential. Learn portion control. This also helps with weight control. Balance medicine and meals. The wrong ratio of medication and food can cause your blood sugar level to go dangerously high or low.