Juvenile Arthritis

Key Things To Know About Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects children and teenagers. The symptoms of juvenile arthritis in a child is similar to the symptoms that adults with arthritis experience. Some of those symptoms include swelling and stiffness in the joints. Slow growth and eye inflammation are other symptoms that children may experience.
It is estimated that nearly 300,000 children have this condition.


In most cases, juvenile arthritis is caused by an autoimmune disorder. Your immune system is responsible for fighting off harmful viruses and bacteria. However, autoimmune disorders cause the body to attack healthy tissues and cells. The exact causes of juvenile arthritis are not known.

Juvenile Arthritis

Some people believe that certain foods, allergies and toxins can lead to juvenile arthritis. However, there has not been any scientific evidence to confirm that. Researchers believe that genetics can play a role in the development of juvenile arthritis.

How Is Juvenile Arthritis Diagnosed?

There is not a single test that can confirm a juvenile arthritis diagnosis. The condition is diagnosed with a thorough physician examination. The physician will also take a look at the patient’s medical history. The doctor may order several tests in order to confirm a diagnosis, which may include x-rays and lab tests.


Unfortunately, there is not a cure for juvenile arthritis. However, the right treatment can help a child live a relatively normal life. Doctors typically recommend a combination of physical activity, healthy eating and medication to help treat this condition.

A team of healthcare providers can make it easier to keep this condition under control. This team usually consists of rheumatology nurses, physical therapist, primary care physicians, dietitians and eye doctors are some of the professionals who can make it easier for a child to manage their condition.

There are currently studies being conducted to see what treatments may be effective for treating juvenile arthritis in the future. The goal is to help develop better treatments with fewer side effects.

What Can Parents Do?

It can be frustrating for a parent to see their child suffer from any illness. However, there are things parents can do to ensure that their child stays physically and emotionally healthy. Working closely with the healthcare providers, encouraging exercise and allowing the child to join a support group are some of the things that parents can do.