Modern Medicine Offers a Higher Rate of Survival for Those With Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer, an extremely rare type of cancer, usually has a fairly positive prognosis thanks to early detection and effective therapeutic advancements in the field of treatment. There is a risk that the cancer can grow back and develop later in life, but modern medicinal technolgies have made the monitoring and subsequent prevention much more effective than has been seen in the past.
What is Thyroid Cancer?
Cancer is defined as the abnormal growth of cells within the human body. Thus, this cancer is characterized by abnormal cellular growth in this gland. This gland is small and butterfly shaped, located in the front of the neck. It is responsible for producing hormones that control the use of energy to guide proper functioning and regulation of the metabolism, body temperature and weight and blood pressure. Symptoms of this cancer include the following:
- Lumps, nodules, growths or swelling in the neck
- Trouble swallowing
- Neck or inner ear pain
- Trouble breathing
- Voice hoarseness
- Recurring or frequent cough that is not due to an infection, such as a cold or the flu
The exact cause of this disease is not clear, although there has been a strong correlation between genetic predisposition, deregulation of hormones and exposure to radiation in relation to developing cancerous growths in the gland.
The Latest Approaches to Treating Thyroid Cancer
Some people don’t exhibit any symptoms of this rare form of cancer. Early detection helps many people become aware of the presence of this disease, resulting in the chance for more effective treatment. Some of the latest methods of diagnosing this cancer include:
- Guided physical examinations of the gland
- Blood tests to detect hormonal abnormalities
- CT scans or ultrasounds to detect abnormal growths
- Awareness of past radiation exposure in patient health history
- Advanced biopsy procedures
- DNA and genetic counseling to determine risk
Early detection is crucial to successfully completing a treatment regimen. Modern treatments for this form of glandular cancer include:
- Radiation therapy
- Therapies to suppress hormones that could potentially trigger new cancerous growths